Further reading, On possession cults (esp. Hadiyya)

(1) Introduction / Overview

Abbink, Jon G. “Possession cults,” in Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 4, ed. S. Uhlig in cooperation with A. Bausi, p. 183-85. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2010.

Kaplan, Steven. “Zar,” in Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 4, ed. S. Uhlig in cooperation with A. Bausi, p. 185-87. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2010.

(2) Hadiyya and Kambaata

Braukämper, Ulrich. Die Kambata: Geschichte und Gesellschaft eines südäthiopischen Bauernvolkes. Wiesbaden: Paul Steiner Verlag, 1983.

» View “3.8.4 Bessessenheitskulte

Braukämper, Ulrich. Fandaanano: The Traditional Socio-Religious System of the Hadiyya in Southern Ethiopia. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2014.

» View “4.1.2 Spirits and Demons” and
4.2.4 Cults of Spirit Possession

Peter, Burkhard. Kulturelle Identität und Religiöses Bekenntnis: Synkretismus bei den Hadiyya Südäthiopiens. Aachen: Verlag an der Lottbek im Besitz des Verlags Mainz, 1999.

» View “2.2.4 Qalicca und Kirano:
religiöse Amtsträger aus islamischer und Oromo-Tradition”

» View “2.2.5 Wombacco:
Hohepriester des Kitosa Kultes”

Plazikowsky-Brauner, Herma. “Über die Religion der abessinischen Kuschiten,” Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte 6, no. 1 (1954): 348-54.

» View online

Plazikowsky-Brauner, Herma. “Historisches über die Hádiya,” Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 82, no. 1 (1957): 66–96.

» View online

Yacob Godebo. The Impact of the Charismatic Movement and Related Tensions on the Traditional Lutheran Worship of the South Central Synod of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus since 1991. Ph.D. dissertation. Chester, UK: University of Chester, 2011. [p 108ff on worship and music]

» View online

(3) Other Cushitic ethnic groups

Brøgger, Jan. Belief and Experience among the Sidamo: A Case Study towards an Anthropology of Knowledge. Oslo: Norwegian University Press, 1986

» View chapter “VII. The Shaman and the Senator
[based on fieldwork in the early 1970s]

Dahl, Gudrun. “Possession as Cure: The Ayaana Cult of Waso Borana,” in Culture, Experience and Pluralism: Essays on African Ideas of Illness and Healing, eds. A. Jacobson-Widding and D. Westerlund, p. xxx-yyy. Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1989.

Gezahegn Petros. “The Kah of Shashintet: Spirit Possession Cult in eastern Bench,” in Proceedings of the International Conference of Ethiopian Studies 11, Addis Ababa, April 1-6, 1991, vol. 2, eds. Bahru Zewde, Richard Pankhurst, and Taddese Beyene, p. 115-24. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, 1994.

Lonfernini, Bruno. I Gugi giamgiam, gente del Ghirgia. Bologna: EMI, 1984.

Van de Loo, Joseph, with the collaboration of Bilow Kota. Guji Oromo Culture in Southern Ethiopia: Religious Capabilites in Rituals and Songs. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1991.

  • View esp. p. 288-91 on mesmuri addaraa (spirit possession songs) — usually tune of a weddu (general name for work songs):
vdLoo_Spir_Poss_Songs_red

(4) Ethiopian non-Cushitic ethnic groups

Aspen, Harold. 2001. The Amhara Traditions of Knowledge: Spirit Mediums and Their Clients. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2001.

» Read (most parts of) Aspen’s book
on Google Books

Lewis, Herbert S. “Spirit Possession in Ethiopia: An Essay in Interpretation,” in Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Ethiopian Studies: University of Lund, 26-29 April 1982, ed. S. Rubenson, p. 221-47. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies; Uppsala: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies; East Lansing: African Studies Center, Michigan State University, 1984.

Timkehet Teffera. “ያገሩን ሠርዶ ባገሩ በሬ [Yagärun Särdo Bagäru Bäre]: Zar Spirit Possession among the Amhara and the Role of Music,” in: Society: The Collection of Papers, eds. Fatima Hadžić and Albinca Pesek, p. 441-69. Sarajevo: Musicological Society of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Academy of Music; 2016. [with musical notations, video links; etc.]

» Read Timkehet’s article
on Academia.edu