Catholic Church in Ethiopia

… work in progress …

Liturgical rites

The Catholics in the northern part of Ethiopia as well as in Eritrea celebrate Mass according to the Ethiopian (aka Ge’ez) liturgical rite.

In the other areas, the Western liturgical rite is common.

Historical introduction
(focus on Southern Ethiopia)

The first Catholic missionaries started their activities in Southern Ethiopia about one hundred years ago (Fa. Pascal of Luchon and others).

The Apostolic Vicariates of Soddo (Wolaytta), Awasa and Hossana are the numerically strongest in the country. Several of their centers are located in rural areas (Wassera, etc.). These circumstances were conducive for the creation of vernacular gopsel songs.

The first original songs in Hadiyyisa seem to have been written a few years after Vatican II Council (until 1965) by Catechist (then Deacon) Wolde N. from Saddama. The French Cappuchin Priest at the station then was Fa. René. The Apostolic Administrator in Hossana until 1972, Bishop Urbain-Marie Person, opposed clapping and dancing; antiphonal singing was also not adopted by Catholics in the area.

Generally speaking, in Catholic congregations choirs were (and are) preferred to solo singers.

Hymn books

Ïgziabhér amesgïnut (“Let Us Praise God”). Catholic hymnal. Addis Ababa (no date indicated).

Ïnïzemïr leGéta (“Let Us Sing to the Lord”). With some musical
notation. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Catholic Church (no date indicated).

Manuscripts

x [work in progress]

YouTube Channels

» Visit the YouTube channel Catholic Mezmur

Choirs

Kebena Kidane Mihiret Choir (Addis Ababa)

Hadiyya Bethel Singers

Hawassa Kidane Mihret Choir

Frankfurt: Eritrean Catholic Kidanemihret Choir

N.N.

Soloists

Isaack Haile (Borana)

Tireeza Jikkore

Wolde N.

N.N.

For further reading

Antonios Alberto (2013). A Modern and Contemporary History of the Catholic Church in Ethiopia (16th – 20th Centuries). (Ethiopian Review of Cultures, 6). Addis Ababa: Capuchin Franciscan Institute of Philosophy and Theology.


Invitation

There is little information available in English language on the gospel music of this community. If you can help fill our knowledge gaps, please contact us via the form at the bottom of this page.