Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Liturgy


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with lyrics:

Qeddase with English translation (starts at 4:22):

(Part 3 has not been uploaded)


Maḫlet for St Mary, Addis Ababa 2014:

Maḫlet on Good Friday, Medhane Alem Cathedral, Addis Ababa, 2014:

Mass, Medhane Alem Cathedral, A.A., 2020:

Easter celebration in Washington, D.C., 2016:

Easter ritual in Gondar, 2012:

Liturgy of the Ethiopian Church (Daoud tr.)


For further reading

Aymro Wondmagegnehu and Joachim Motovo, eds. (1970). The Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Orthodox Mission.

Chaillot, Christine (2002). The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Tradition: A Brief Introduction to Its Life and Spirituality. Paris: Inter-Orthodox Dialogue.

Ezra Gebremedhin (2007). “Maḫlet” [i.e., antiphon of the Dǝggʷa], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 3, p. 659-660. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Fritsch, Emmanuel (2010). “Qǝddase” [i.e., Eucharistic liturgy of the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig in coop. with A. Bausi (eds.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 4, p. 271-275. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Getachew Haile (2017). “On the Authorship of Ethiopian Anaphoras”, in: Getachew Haile, Ethiopian Studies in Honour of Amha Asfaw, p. 9-38. New York: [publisher not identified]. [Online version]

Harden, J.M. (1928). The Anaphoras of the Ethiopic Liturgy (Translations of Christian Literature; Liturgical Texts, 3). London: SPCK; New York and Toronto: Macmillan.

The Harp of Glory: Enzira Sebhat – An Alphabetical Hymn of Praise for the Ever-Blessed Virgin Mary from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Introduced and translated from Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium vol. 40 by J.A. McGuckin. Yonkers, NY: St Vladimir’s Seminary Press.

Heyer, Friedrich (1971). Die Kirche Äthiopiens: Eine Bestandsaufnahme (Theologische Bibliothek Töppelmann, 22). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. [Google Books; p. 60-109: “Gottesdienstliches Leben”]

Habtemichael Kidane (2003). “Anaphoras”, in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopadedia Aethiopica, vol. 1, p. 251-253. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Habtemichael Kidane (2005). “Dǝggʷa” [i.e., liturgical book of the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, p. 123-124. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Hammerschmidt, Ernst (1987). Studies in the Ethiopic Anaphoras. 2nd, rev. edition (Äthiopistische Forschungen, 25). Stuttgart, Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag.

Lee, Ralph, and Lila Balisky (2015ff). “Ethiopian hymnody”, in: J.R. Watson and E. Hornby (eds.), Canterbury Dictionary of Hymnology. Canterbury Press. [Online version only; with paywall]

Shelemay, Kay Kaufmann (2005). “Däbtära” [i.e., lay ecclesiastics and choristers in the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, p. 53-54. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Shelemay, Kay Kaufman, and Peter Jeffery, eds. Ethiopian Christian Liturgical Chant: An Anthology; vol. 1 (1993): General Introduction and Dictionaries of Notational Signs; vol. 2 (1994): Performance Practice and the Liturgical Portions; vol. 3 (1997): History of Ethiopian Chant (Recent Researches in the Oral Traditions of Music, 1-3). Madison, WI: A-R Editions.

Zanetti, Ugo and Emmanuel Fritsch (2014). “Säᶜatat: Mäṣḥafä äᶜatat” [i.e., ‘book of hours’], in: A. Bausi in coop. with S. Uhlig (eds.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 5, p. 501-503. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.