Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Liturgy

[work in progress]


» Read introduction to the Divine Liturgy

» Read introduction to Church Music


(with lyrics and translation, 2012)


(Maḫlet for St Mary, part 1, Addis Ababa 2014)
(Maḫlet on Good Friday, Medhane Alem Cathedral, Addis Ababa, 2014)
(Mass, Medhane Alem Cathedral, A.A., 2020)
(Easter celebration in Washington, D.C., 2016)
(Easter ritual in Gondar, 2012)

Liturgy of the Ethiopian Church (Daoud tr.)


For further reading

Aymro Wondmagegnehu and Joachim Motovo, eds. (1970). The Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Orthodox Mission.

Chaillot, Christine (2002). The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Tradition: A Brief Introduction to Its Life and Spirituality. Paris: Inter-Orthodox Dialogue.

Ezra Gebremedhin (2007). “Maḫlet” [i.e., antiphon of the Dǝggʷa], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 3, p. 659-660. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Fritsch, Emmanuel (2010). “Qǝddase” [i.e., Eucharistic liturgy of the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig in coop. with A. Bausi (eds.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 4, p. 271-275. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Getachew Haile (2017). “On the Authorship of Ethiopian Anaphoras”, in: Getachew Haile, Ethiopian Studies in Honour of Amha Asfaw, p. 9-38. New York: [publisher not identified]. [Online version]

Harden, J.M. (1928). The Anaphoras of the Ethiopic Liturgy (Translations of Christian Literature; Liturgical Texts, 3). London: SPCK; New York and Toronto: Macmillan.

Heyer, Friedrich (1971). Die Kirche Äthiopiens: Eine Bestandsaufnahme (Theologische Bibliothek Töppelmann, 22). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. [p. 60-109: “Gottesdienstliches Leben”]

Habtemichael Kidane (2003). “Anaphoras”, in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopadedia Aethiopica, vol. 1, p. 251-253. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Habtemichael Kidane (2005). “Dǝggʷa” [i.e., liturgical book of the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, p. 123-124. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Hammerschmidt, Ernst (1987). Studies in the Ethiopic Anaphoras. 2nd, rev. edition (Äthiopistische Forschungen, 25). Stuttgart, Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag.

Lee, Ralph, and Lila Balisky (2015ff). “Ethiopian hymnody”, in: J.R. Watson and E. Hornby (eds.), Canterbury Dictionary of Hymnology. Canterbury Press. [Online version only; with paywall]

Shelemay, Kay Kaufmann (2005). “Däbtära” [i.e., lay ecclesiastics and choristers in the EOTC], in: S. Uhlig (ed.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, p. 53-54. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Shelemay, Kay Kaufman, and Peter Jeffery, eds. Ethiopian Christian Liturgical Chant: An Anthology; vol. 1 (1993): General Introduction and Dictionaries of Notational Signs; vol. 2 (1994): Performance Practice and the Liturgical Portions; vol. 3 (1997): History of Ethiopian Chant (Recent Researches in the Oral Traditions of Music, 1-3). Madison, WI: A-R Editions.

Zanetti, Ugo and Emmanuel Fritsch (2014). “Säᶜatat: Mäṣḥafä äᶜatat” [i.e., ‘book of hours’], in: A. Bausi in coop. with S. Uhlig (eds.), Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 5, p. 501-503. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.