Companion to Chapter 8

Acceptable and Unacceptable Music among Amharic-Speaking Evangelical Ethiopians

by Jan Magne Steinhovden

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Profiles of musicians (with music videos)

[page numbers to be adjusted]

» See overview of profiles of persons with a
former career in “secular” performing arts


On zäfän, mäzmur, and worship

» View group discussion and teachings

» View presentations of / interviews with individual musicians, e.g.:

» View presentations by other authors:

For further research

Biblical studies

[work in progress …]

Text and tools

» Read the Bible in English, Greek, Hebrew, etc. on BibleGateway [unfortunately, not in any Ethiopian language]

Selected references

Fabry, Heinz-Josef et al.šir […] sing; song,” in Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, vol. 14, eds. G.J. Botterweck, H. Ringgren, and H.-J. Fabry, tr. D.W. Stott, p. 609-646. Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans, 2004. [German original: 1992-93]

Mäzmur / Zäfän

Selected references in addition to the bibliography in
J.M. Steinhovden’s chapter

Emnet Tegafaw. The Dualistic Tension between Spiritual vs. Secular in the Ethiopian Evangelical Churches and its Implication on the Understanding of Zefen and Mezmur (Spiritual vs. Secular Music). Thesis, Ethiopian Graduate School of Theology. Addis Ababa, 2013.

Tesfatseyon Asa. Christian Understanding Towards Secular Songs: With Special Reference to Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus Chano Mille Congregation. BTh paper, Mekane Yesus Seminary. Addis Ababa, 2020. [Chano Mille is located about 10km north of Arba Minch]

Multivolume / Interdisciplinary Reference Works
(each with several relevant articles)

D.N. Freedman (general ed.). The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Yale: Yale University Press, 1992. [Digital version available through Logos Bible Software; with costs]

The Canterbury Dictionary of Hymnology
[Online replacement for the Dictionary of Hymnology: Origin and History of Christian Hymns and Hymnwriters of All Ages and Nations produced by J. Julian in 1892; more than 5700 entries; restricted access]

S. Uhlig and A. Bausi (eds.). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica. 5 vols. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2003-2014.

Lexham Bible Dictionary, 2016ff
[Digital resource with more than 7000 articles; included in the free Logos Basic Bible Software and other Faithlife products (then with costs)]

Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart Online
[Contains the 2nd print edition of MGG, 26 vols., published by Bärenreiter / Metzler from 1994 to 2008, as well as online updates and additions. In German, yet with Google Translate add-on (incl. Amharic); restricted access]

Oxford Music Online
[Gateway to Grove Music Online [containing the 2nd print edition of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 29 vols., published in 2001 as well as online updates and additions], The Oxford Dictionary of Music, and The Oxford Companion to Music; restricted access]

Religion Past and Present Online
[Contains the English print version of the 4th edition of Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 14 vols., published by Brill from 2006 to 2013; restricted access]