Companion to Chapter 8

Acceptable and Unacceptable Music among Amharic-Speaking Evangelical Ethiopians

by Jan Magne Steinhovden

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Profiles of mentioned musicians (with music videos)

[page numbers to be adjusted]

» See overview of profiles of persons with a
former career in “secular” performing arts

Group presentations on spiritual & secular music

Individuals on mäzmur and zäfän

Organizations promoting the music ministry of Protestant Churches

Mahbär qəddusan and music in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church

Mahbär qəddusan produced several albums.

» View vignette of Mahbär qəddusan

For further study, view pages on:

Further readings

Ashenafi Kebede. “The Bowl-Lyre of Northeast Africa. Krar: The Devil’s Instrument,” Ethnomusicology 21, No. 3 (1977): 379-95. [Online version; subscription barrier]

Black, Stephanie. “Word Study on Zäfän.” Unpublished paper. (Summary, as printed in J.M. Steinhovden, M.A. thesis, p. 49):

Delling, Gerhard. “ὕμνος, ψαλμός [etc.],” in Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, vol. 8, eds. G. Kittel, G. Friedrich, tr. G.W. Bromiley, p. 489-503. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1972 [reprint 1993, German original: 1969]

Emnet Tegafaw. The Dualistic Tension between Spiritual vs. Secular in the Ethiopian Evangelical Churches and its Implication on the Understanding of Zefen and Mezmur (Spiritual vs. Secular Music). Thesis, Ethiopian Graduate School of Theology. Addis Ababa, 2013.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef et al. “שׁיר šîr […] sing; song” in Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, vol. 14, eds. G.J. Botterweck, H. Ringgren, and H.-J. Fabry, tr. D.W. Stott, p. 609-646. Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans, 2004. [German original: 1992-93]

Kammerer, Stefan. “Musik, Musikinstrumente,” Wissenschaftliches Bibellexikon im Internet (WiBiLex). Created in 2006 (continually updated). [You may want to use, etc. to get a draft translation of the Germany original]

Tesfatseyon Asa. Christian Understanding Towards Secular Songs: With Special Reference to Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus Chano Mille Congregation. BTh paper, Mekane Yesus Seminary. Addis Ababa, 2020. [Chano Mille is located about 10km north of Arba Minch]

» For a study of adjacent biblical and theological concepts such as “holyness” and “purity,” please consult the relevant reference works.